Types of Trading Instruments

Trading instruments

Whether you are a novice or experienced trader, you should be aware of the different types of trading instruments. These include CFDs, Commodity futures, and Stocks. Each of these instruments is different and has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Commodity futures

Investing in commodities through the use of commodity futures is a great way to diversify your portfolio. You can invest in precious metals or common energy products such as crude oil, and even gain access to the secondary market for these products. You can also use leverage to make gains.

Investing in commodities requires understanding the risks involved. Leverage increases the risk of large losses. It also amplify the effects of any price divergence. You need to be aware of the risks involved before you initiate a position in commodity futures markets.

A futures contract is a legal agreement between two parties to buy or sell a particular commodity at a specific price in the future. In the case of oil futures, the buyer is agreeing to take delivery of crude oil from the seller at a specified time in the future.


Investing in the stock market involves the exchange of financial instruments, which are known as stocks. There are many types of financial instruments, each with its own unique features and benefits.

Stocks are the most popular type of trading instrument. They are essentially a contract in which a buyer sells another person or company an asset for a certain amount. The value of a stock changes depending on the performance of the company.

Another popular type of financial instrument is the futures contract. This type of trading offers high leverage, and has the potential to produce high returns without substantial capital.

The main difference between stocks and other types of financial instruments is the way they are traded. The stock market is a competitive environment, and traders use various techniques to make money. Some traders use short-term strategies while others stick with financial instruments for the long haul.


Unlike stocks, CFDs are trading instruments that allow you to speculate on the price of various financial assets without actually owning them. These instruments can be a great way to diversify your portfolio. However, they can also result in large losses. It’s important to do your homework before diving into CFD trading.

There are two types of CFDs that you can trade. Stock CFDs and leveraged CFDs. In stock CFDs, traders place a bet that the stock will move up or down. In leveraged CFDs, the trader uses leverage to magnify the gains. In both cases, traders risk losing all of their investment.

One of the biggest benefits of CFDs is the leverage that is provided. This allows you to increase the size of your position without putting in a ton of capital.

Currency derivatives

Using derivatives markets to hedge against foreign currency risk can help companies gain leverage and reduce their exposure. There are several derivative instruments, including currency futures and options. They can be traded on the over-the-counter (OTC) market or through an exchange-traded derivative (ETD).

Currency derivatives are based on two or more currencies. They allow traders to trade in short-term movements and profit from the difference in the currency pair’s price. A futures contract allows an investor to hedge against foreign exchange risk by predicting the rate of change in a currency.

The main types of currency derivatives are futures contracts, options and swaps. Futures contracts are standardized contracts that are traded on centralized exchanges. The settlement of these contracts is on a cash-settled basis.

Option contracts give the buyer the right to buy or sell a specified currency at a specified future date. When no action is requested by the buyer, the contract expires. These contracts are commonly used for hedging currency risk.

Currency swaps

Essentially, a currency swap is an over-the-counter derivative contract in which one party lends a certain amount of foreign currency to another at a specified interest rate. The other party pays interest on the borrowed amount, but also receives floating payments.

Historically, currency swaps have been used to avoid exchange controls. However, most developed economies have removed such controls. Today, companies that do business abroad often use currency swaps to obtain foreign currency loans at a lower interest rate.

The most common use of currency swaps is as an investment tool. Institutional investors use them as part of a hedging strategy. Other corporate finance professionals use them to reduce risk in specific operations.

Interest rate swaps are also a common means of hedgement. This is because they allow investors with fixed interest assets to align them with assets that have floating interest rates.